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Software Development Process Model - Part 2

Incremental development

  • Rather than deliver the system as a single delivery, the development and delivery is broken down into increments with each increment delivering part of the required functionality.
  • User requirements are prioritised and the highest priority requirements are included in early increments.
  • Once the development of an increment is started, the requirements are frozen though requirements for later increments can continue to evolve.

Incremental Model

  • Deliver the core product first
  • Add on / refine features
  • Provide a platform for evaluation by user

Incremental development advantages

  • Customer value can be delivered with each increment so system functionality is available earlier
  • Early increments act as a prototype to help elicit requirements for later increments
  • Lower risk of overall project failure
  • The highest priority system services tend to receive the most testing

Spiral Development

  • Process is represented as a spiral rather than as a sequence of activities with backtracking
  • Each loop in the spiral represents a phase in the process.
  • No fixed phases such as specification or design - loops in the spiral are chosen depending on what is required
  • Risks are explicitly assessed and resolved throughout the process

Spiral model of the software process

Spiral model sectors

  • Objective setting
    • Specific objectives for the phase are identified
  • Risk assessment and reduction
    • Risks are assessed and activities put in place to reduce the key risks
  • Development and validation
    • A development model for the system is chosen which can be any of the generic models
  • Planning
    • The project is reviewed and the next phase of the spiral is planned

RAD Model

  • Rapid application development model (RAD)
  • Characteristics:
    • Extremely short development cycle
    • Component based construction i.e. develop a small component rather than a system
    • Used for information system applications
  • Drawbacks:
    • Need more resource for large projects
    • Need commitment from all parties
    • Not suitable for high performance and when technical risk is high

Component Based Development Model

  • Suitable for re-usable object oriented classes
  • Apply characteristics of spiral model

Unified Process

  • Work of Ivar Jacobson Grady Booch and James Rumbaugh
  • use case driven
  • architecture-centric
  • iterative and
  • incremental

Iterative Development Produces an Executable

Initial and evolution cycles & Time

Rational Unified Process (RUP)

Risk Profiles

Reduce Scrap/Rework: Use an Iterative Process


**Reference:** *Software Engineering A Practitioner's Approach (7th Ed.) ~ Roger S. Pressman*

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