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An ELK stack from scratch with Docker

The stack.


First off, we will use the ELK stack, which has become in a few years a credible alternative to other monitoring solutions (Splunk, SAAS …).

It is based on the following software:

E as Elasticsearch, search engine which provide full text search & analytics

L as Logstash, an ETL for retrieving data from heterogeneous sources, transforming them and sending them to Elasticsearch

K as Kibana, which provide an UI for exploring data, and create interactive dashboards

But also :

R as Redis, an upstream broker which will serve as buffer in case of latency of the system, while avoiding excessive congestion in case of a peak,

C as Curator, a tool to manage our index

B as Beats, client-side agent to send the logs/metrics to our stack

Deploy.


We will use Docker containers for each stack component.

Services and interactions are described in a docker-compose.yml file:

version: "2"

services:
  # brocker
  redis:
    image: redis:3.2.6
    container_name: redis
    ports:
      - 6379:6379
    volumes:
      - redis-data:/data
    networks:
      - logging
  # index, search & agregation
  elasticsearch:
    image: elasticsearch:5.1.2
    container_name: elastic
    environment:
      - ES_JAVA_OPTS=-Xms1g -Xmx1g
    ports:
      - 9200:9200
      - 9300:9300
    volumes:
      - $PWD/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml:/usr/share/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml
      - "es-data:/usr/share/elasticsearch/data"
    networks:
      - logging
  # UI
  kibana:
    image: kibana:5.1.2
    container_name: kibana
    ports:
      - 5601:5601
    volumes:
      - $PWD/kibana/config/kibana.yml:/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
    networks:
      - logging
    depends_on:
      - elasticsearch
  # indexer
  logstash:
    image: logstash:5.1.2
    container_name: logstash
    command: logstash -f /config/
    environment:
      - JAVA_OPTS=-Xms1g -Xmx1g
    volumes:
      - $PWD/logstash/config:/config
    networks:
      - logging
    depends_on:
      - elasticsearch
      - redis

volumes:
  es-data:
    driver: local
  redis-data:
    driver: local

networks:
  logging:
    driver: bridge

Hello, world.


Based on this repository, we will deploy a functional stack:

    # clone repo & build images
    git clone https://gitlab.com/flightstar/docker_elk_stack.git
    cd docker_elk_stack
    docker-compose build
    
    # run (daemon)
    docker-compose up -d
    
    # show logs
    docker-compose logs

After startup, you should be able to access Kibana (port 5601).

Then, we will deploy a basic example web app (NGinx serving HTML + Filebeat agent to send log in our stack)

# build image
docker build ./webapp -t dockerelkstack_webapp

# run (daemon)
docker run --network dockerelkstack_logging --link redis:redis -p 80:80 -d --name webapp dockerelkstack_webapp

# show logs
docker logs webapp

After startup, you should be able to access the web app (port 80).

After few minutes browsing, returning to Kibana. An index (logstash-*) is now available.

After creating index, we can now exploring our web app logs (Discover tab), create visualizations (Visualize tab) and dashboards (Dashboard tab).


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